COGNITIVE ONOMASTICS: SEMANTIC GESTALTS OF THE ASSOCIATIVE ONYMIC FIELD OF AROMATONYMS

Keywords: cognitive onomastics, semantic gestalts, aromatonym, free associative experiment, associative field

Abstract

The article is devoted to determining the nature of the aromatic subframe of the English native speaker's mental lexicon. Semantic gestalts of the associative field of English aromatonyms are considered. Systematization of the results of the free associative experiment made it possible to single out the semantic gestalts of the associative onymic field of the analyzed stimuli. In this study, we used the method of free associative experiment, which is to respond to informants through any verbal reaction to stimulus words. The associative field of the stimulus was divided into semantic gestalts – fragments of the linguistic picture of the world and on the basis of two dominant groups of associates the gestalt associative core was established. Analyzing the obtained semantic gestalts of the associative onymic field of aromatonyms, we consider it appropriate to note that they all have a high degree of generalization, i.e. the semantic diffusion of speech becomes relevant, which opens the possibility of subjective interpretation of what is heard. All the results of our free experiment, namely semantic gestalts, are implemented by the Milton model, which combines distortion, generalization and omission of information, so that language is deliberately used to allow the respondents to supplement the missing details.

References

1. Bagmanova, L.N. (2013), “Features of perception by modern readers of linguocultures-concepts of Russian Orthodox culture”, Philological Sciences. Questions of theory and practice [“Osobennosti vosprijatija sovremennym chitatelem lingvokul'turem-ponjatij russkoj pravoslavnoj kul'tury”, Filologicheskie nauki. Voprosy teorii i praktiki], # 3(21): in 2 vol., vol. ІІ, pp. 26–28, available at: http://scjournal.ru/articles/issn_ 1997-2911_2013_3-2_04.pdf
2. Bolotnova, N.S. (2001), “About the basic concepts and categories of communicative text stylistics”, Herald of RGNF [“Ob osnovnyh ponjatijah i kategorijah kommunikativnoj stilistiki teksta”, Vestnik RGNF], #3, pp. 123–131.
3. Didur, Yu.I. (2015), Features of the ergonomics in speech, speech and mental lexicon (in Ukrainian, English and Russian): Thesis [Osoblyvosti funkcionuvannja ergonimiv u movi, movlenni ta mental'nomu leksykoni (v ukrai'ns'kij, anglijs'kij ta rosijs'kij movah) : dys...kand. filol. nauk : 10.02.15], Odessa, 195 p.
4. Dolbin, K.D. (2014), Cognitive aspects of the functioning of zooming demarcation units): Thesis [Kognityvni aspekty funkcionuvannja zoonimnyh proprial'nyh odynyc' : dys. … kand. filol. nauk: 10.02.15], Odessa, 181 p.
5. Isaev, Yu.N. (2015), “Associative experiment as a source of studying the linguistic picture of the world and as a method of cognitive research”, Bulletin of the Chuvash University [“Associativnyj jeksperiment kak istochnik izuchenija jazykovoj kartiny mira i kak metod kognitivnogo issledovanija”, Vestnik Chuvashskogo universiteta], #2, pp. 156–160, available at: https://cyberleninka.ru /article/n/
6. Zhabotinskaya, S.A. (1992), Cognitive and nominative aspects of the numeracy class (based on modern English): Thesis [Kognitivnye i nominativnye aspekty klassa chislitel'nyh (na materiale sovremennogo anglijskogo jazyka): dis… d-ra filolog. nauk: 10.02.19], Мoscow, 385 p.
7. Karaulov, Yu.N. (2000), “Indicators of national mentality in the associative-verbal network”, Language consciousness and the image of the world [“Pokazateli nacional'nogo mentaliteta v associativno-verbal'noj seti”, Jazykovoe soznanie i obraz mira], Мoscow, pp. 191–206.
8. Karpenko, O.Yu. (2007), Cognitive onomastics as the direction of knowing their own names): Thesis [Kognityvna onomastyka jak naprjamok piznannja vlasnyh nazv: dys. … doktora filol. nauk : 10.02.15], Kiev, 416 p.
9. Karpenko, O. Yu. (2010), Cognitive onomastics [Kognityvna onomastyka], Phoenix, Odessa, 158 p.
10. Kovalevsky, T.Yu. (2006), Communicative aspects of neurolinguistic programming [Komunikatyvni aspekty nejrolingvistychnogo programuvannja], Astroprint, Odessa, 324 p.
11. Kubryakova, E.S. (2004), Language and knowledge. On the way of getting knowledge of language: parts of speech from a cognitive point of view. The role of language in the knowledge of the world [Jazyk i znanie. Na puti poluchenija znanij o jazyke: chasti rechi s kognitivnoj tochki zrenija. Rol' jazyka v poznanii mira], Languages of Slavic culture, Мoscow, 560 p.
12. Lakoff, J. (1981), “Linguistic Gestals”, New in foreign linguistics [“Lingvisticheskie geshtal'ty”, Novoe v zarubezhnoj lingvistike], Progress, Мoscow, #10, pp. 350–368.
13. Markovina, I.Yu. (2000), “Specificity of the linguistic consciousness of Russians and Americans: the experience of constructing an “associative gestalt” of original texts and translation”, Language consciousness and the image of the world [“Specifika jazykovogo soznanija russkih i amerikancev: opyt postroenija “associativnogo geshtal'ta” tekstov originala i perevoda”, Jazykovoe soznanie i obraz mira], Мoscow, pp. 116–132.
14. Pligin, A., Gerasimov, A. (2009), Guide to the course of NLP-Practitioner [Rukovodstvo k kursu NLP-Praktik], Your books, Мoscow, 576 p.
15. Popova, Z.D., Sternin, I.A. (2003), Essays on Cognitive Linguistics [Ocherki po kognitivnoj lingvistike], Origins, Voronezh, 191 p.
16. Popova, Z.D., Sternin, I.A. (2007), Cognitive Linguistics [Kognitivnaja lingvistika], AST: East-West, Мoscow, 314 p.
17. Potebnya, A.A. (1976), Aesthetics and poetics [Jestetika i pojetika], Art, Мoscow, 614 p.
18. Selivanova, O. O. (2010), Linguistic Encyclopaedia [Lingvistychna encyklopedija], Dovkillya-K, Poltava, 844 p.
19. Sergieva, N.S. (2006), “Semantic Gestalt and the core of the linguistic consciousness of Russians”, Bulletin of the South Ural State University [“Semanticheskij geshtal't i jadro jazykovogo soznanija russkih”, Vestnik Juzhno-Ural'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta], vol. 2(57), pp. 160–165, available at: http: // cyberleninka.ru/ article/n/semanticheskiy-geshtalt-i-yadro-yazykovogo-soznaniya-russkih.
20. Surmach, O.Ya. (2011), “Associative experiment in identifying the activity of their own names as verbalizers of the concept “wealth” in English”, Problems of Semantics, Pragmatics and Cognitive Linguistics [“Asociatyvnyj eksperyment pry vyjavlenni aktyvnosti vlasnyh nazv jak verbalizatoriv konceptu “wealth” v anglijs'kij movi”, Problemy semantyky, pragmatyky ta kognityvnoi' lingvistyky], vol. 19, pp. 192–197.
21. Khodorenko, A.V. (2011), “Gestalt and its expression in linguistic units”, Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk University [“Geshtal't i ego vyrazhenie v jazykovyh edinicah”, Visnyk Dnipropetrovs'kogo universytetu], vol. 19, #17(3), pp. 175–179.
22. Hall, M., Bodenhamer, B. (2015), Full course NLP [Polnyj kurs NLP], Мoscow, 640 p.
23. Evans, V. (2007), A Glossary of Cognitive Linguistics, EUP, Edinburgh, 239 p.
24. Lakoff, G. (1987), Women, Fire, and Dangerous Things: What Categories Reveal about the Mind, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, 57 p.
25. Talmy, L. (2005), “Foreword”, Methods in Cognitive Linguistics, John Benjamin Publishing Company, Amsterdam, pp. 1–12.
26. Vocabulary.com. Retrieved from: https://vocabulary.com

Abstract views: 36
PDF Downloads: 37
Published
2020-10-05
How to Cite
Bila, Y. (2020). COGNITIVE ONOMASTICS: SEMANTIC GESTALTS OF THE ASSOCIATIVE ONYMIC FIELD OF AROMATONYMS. Scientific Journal of Polonia University, 38(1-2), 6-15. https://doi.org/10.23856/3841