THE REPATRIATION OF DPS THROUGH THE ACTIVITIES OF INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS (1946–1951)
This article considers and characterizes the activities of international institutions during the process of the repatriation of displaced persons (hereinafter – DPs) after World War II. The intransigence and uncompromising views of the former Allies, including organizations such as the United Nations, the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration, and the International Refugee Organization, who had taken on a coordinating role in the repatriation issue and whose policies were clearly in place, are indicated in the table of contents. Also, the peculiarities of their activities and their scale and significance are highlighted, with an emphasis placed on the main contradictory points encountered in their work. These consisted of different views and approaches to the repatriation issue on the one hand by Western countries, and on the other, by the USSR. These, and their achievements and failures, show the position of, in particular, each of the “Big Three” states, and the influence they had on making a decision in the framework of international cooperation. It should be noted that the above-mentioned international organizations managed to organize and ensure the return of tens of thousands of DPs to their homeland, provide an opportunity for those who did not seek asylum in other European countries, and did everything possible to create a full postwar life for these citizens.
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