Keywords: syntactic unit, explanatory constructions, self-explanation, specification, concretization


The article deals with the topical issues associated with the formation of the category of specification, examines various aspects of the study of specifying syntactic constructions, describes their structure, meaning, functions, characterizes differential features, typological manifestations. It has been established that specifying syntactic units are in the system relations with other types of explanatory constructions (self-clarification, concretization). The author has found out the difference between specifying and self-explanatory syntactic units. Specifying constructions should be distinguished from self-explanatory as the former realizes clarifying semantics through narrowing, scope limitation while the latter designates the same concept, phenomenon, feature but denotes it in diverse ways. The meaning of specification is peculiar to one of two, commonly, one-level syntactic unit, integrative in content. The availability of “the whole to part relation” within the specifying constructions doesn’t require relevant conjunctions for their expression, and thus, they are characterized by asyndeton. It has also been marked other, less expressive means – intonation separation close to intonation of listing and parenthesis, specifiers (точніше, правильніше, краще) in combination with word forms (сказати, кажучи) or without them. Specifying constructions have been classified according to the morphological manifestation of a root component (substantive, adjective, adverbial, verbum finitum). The research has proved that the above constructions can be used as any part of a sentence (they usually act as an adverbial modifier of time and place).


1. Admoni, V. G. (1964). Osnovy teorii grammatiki [Grammar Theory]. M.-L.: Nauka. [in Russian].
2. Aribzhanova, I. (2011). Clarification as a Syntactic Notion [Refinement as a syntactic concept]. Ukrainian Linguistics. № 42. [in Ukrainian].
3. Akhmedkhanova, M. D. (1998). Utochniaiushchie konstruktcii, ikh tipy i stilisticheskie funktcii v proze N. S. Leskova [Clarifying structures, their Types and stylistic functions in prose N. S. Leskov.]. (Dissertation of PhD). Dagestanskii gosudarstvennyi universitet. Makhachkala. [in Russian].
4. Chuglov, V. I. (2012). Oslozhnennoe predlozhenie: polupredikativnye i poiasnitelnye konstruktcii v sovremennom russkom literaturnom iazyke (strukturno-semanticheskii aspekt) [Complicated sentence: semi-predictive and explanatory constructions in the modern Russian literary language (structural and semantic aspect)]. (Extended abstract of D dissertation). Volgogradskiigosudarstvennyi pedagogicheskii universitet. Iaroslavl. [in Russian].
5. Fomina, N. S. (2009). Sintaksicheskie konkretizatory kak stileobrazuyushchee sredstvo v proze N. S. Leskova [Syntactic concretizers as an instrument of style formation in N. S. Leskov’s prose]. (Dissertation of PhD). Petrozavodskiy gosudarstvennyy universitet. Petrozavodsk. [in Russian].
6. Funtova, T. B. (2002). Lohiko-syntaksychna katehoriia utochnennia v suchasnii rosiiskii movi (semantyka, zasoby vyrazhennia) [The logical-syntactic category of refinement in modern Russian (semantics, means of expression)]. (Extended abstract of PhD dissertation). Simferopol. [in Ukrainian].
7. Galkina-Fedoruk, E. M., Gorshkova, K. V., Shanskii, N. M. (1958). Sovremennyi russkii iazyk : Sintaksis [Modern Russian: Syntax.]. Moskva. [in Russian].
8. Gvozdev, A. N. (1968). Sovremennyi russkii literaturnyi iazyk. Ch ІІ. Sintaksis [Modern Russian literary language. Part II. Syntax]. Moskva: Prosveshchenie. [in Russian].
9. Kadomtseva, L. O. (1972). Syntaksychno izolovani chastyny rechennia [Syntactically isolated parts of a sentence] / Suchasna ukrainska literaturna mova / Za zah. red. I. K. Bilodida. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian].
10. Kobchenko, N. (2018). Hramatychna pryroda oposeredkovanoho syntaksychnoho zv’iazku v strukturi prostoho rechennia [The grammatical nature of the semi-predictive syntax in the structure of a simple sentence]. Naukovi zapysky NaUKMA. Movoznavstvo. Tom 1. [in Ukrainian].
11. Kulyk, B. M. (1961). Kurs suchasnoi ukrainskoi literaturnoi movy [Course of modern Ukrainian literary language. Part 2: Syntax] v 2 ch. Kyiv: Radianska shkola. Ch. 2: Syntaksys. [in Ukrainian].
12. Moisiienko, A. K. (2009). Suchasna ukrainska mova. Syntaksys prostoho uskladnenoho rechennia [Modern Ukrainian language. The syntax of a complicated sentence]. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian].
13. Oleniak, M. Ya. (2011). Semantyko-syntaksychni funktsii utochnennia v anhliiskii, ukrainskii ta polskii movakh [Semantics-syntactic functions of refinement in English, Ukrainian and Polish]. (Extended abstract of PhD dissertation). Donetskyi natsionalnyi universytet. Donetsk: DonNU. [in Ukrainian].
14. Peshkovskii, A. M. (1956). Russkii sintaksis v nauchnom osveshchenii [Russian syntax in scientific lighting]. Moska: Uchpedgiz. [in Russian],
15. Priyatkina, A. F. (1990). Russkyi yazyk: Syntaksys oslozhnennoho predlozhenyia [Russian language: Complicated sentence syntax]. Moscow: Vysshaia shkola. [in Russian].
16. Rozental, D. E., Telenkova, M. A. (1972). Spravochnik lingvisticheskikh terminov [Directory of linguistic terms.]. Moskva: Prosveshchenie. [in Russian].
17. Russkaia hrammatyka [Russian grammar]. (1980). Moscow: Nauka. [in Russian].
18. Selivanova, O. (2008). Suchasna linhvistyka: napriamy ta problemy [Modern linguistics: directions and problems]: pidruchnyk. Poltava: Dovkillia-K. [in Ukrainian].
19. Slynko, I. I., Huivaniuk, N. V., Kobylianska, M. F. (1994). Syntaksys suchasnoi ukrainskoi movy. Problemni pytannia [Syntax of the modern Ukrainian language. Problematic issues]. Kyiv: Vyshcha shkola. [in Ukrainian].
20. Vykhovanets, I. R. (1992). Narysy z funktsionalnoho syntaksysu ukrainskoi movy [Essays on the functional syntax of the Ukrainian language]. Kyiv: Naukova dumka. [in Ukrainian].
21. Vintoniv, M. O., Aksonova, I. O. (2018). Typolohiini vyiavy syntaksychnykh konkretyzatoriv u suchasnii ukrainskii movi [Typology of syntactic concretizers in modern Ukrainian]. Science and Education a New Dimension. Philology. VI (47). [in Ukrainian].
22. Zahnitko, A. P. (2011). Teoretychna hramatyka suchasnoi ukrainskoi movy. Morfolohiia. Syntaksys [Theoretical grammar of modern Ukrainian. Morphology. Syntax]. Donetsk: TOV “VKF “BAO”. [in Ukrainian].

Abstract views: 115
PDF Downloads: 118
How to Cite
Novikova, O. (2021). SPECIAL ASPECTS OF SPECIFYING CONSTRUCTIONS AT THE LEVEL OF A SIMPLE COMPLICATED SENTENCE. Scientific Journal of Polonia University, 40(3), 60-66. https://doi.org/10.23856/4008