Keywords: Ukraine, political regime, higher education, competence, competitiveness, human capital, reforming, civilized competitive environment


The research relies on the assumption that universities in their activity and development significantly depend on the state and evolutionary stage of society in which they function. Universities respond to the demand of degree-seeking students for educational services that is generated within society. Thus, the state and evolutionary stage of society depend on implemented political and economic institutions. The problem of that sort of dependence emerges full-blown in the countries with hybrid and authoritarian regimes. A hybrid regime of the oligarchical kind has gained a foothold in Ukraine. The vast majority of studies of activities and development of Ukrainian universities are limited to intra-institutional format without critical analysis of the primary causes of these problems, which are rooted in the social context, that is methodologically incorrect. Therefore, the purpose and tasks of the research involve identifying and clarifying the central problems of the cooperation and development of universities and society that are produced by a hybrid regime of the oligarchical type. Nowadays, Ukrainian society doesn’t take on the role of the key stakeholder in the advancement of its universities due to economic backwardness, a lack of civilized competitive environment and ample employment opportunities upon the availability of diplomas of higher education ignoring requirements for actual proficiency of their owners. That sort of the state of the Ukrainian society is caused by a lack of the rule of law, monopolization of its political and economic spheres, the use of the state for private benefits, civil society’s failure to effectively and successfully secure from the abuses of authorities in their current activity. To overcome the problems restraining the progress of Ukrainian society and its universities, it is necessary to demonopolize the political and economic spheres, disengage business from politics, and create a civilized competitive environment through establishing the rule of law.


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How to Cite
Ryabchenko, V. (2021). UNIVERSITIES AND SOCIETY: PROBLEMS OF COOPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT. Scientific Journal of Polonia University, 45(2), 133-142. https://doi.org/10.23856/4514