X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS OF WASTE ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT

Keywords: elemental composition, electronic device, waste electrical and electronic equipment, metal, x-ray fluorescence analysis

Abstract

The aim of this paper is x-ray fluorescence analysis of waste electrical and electronic equipment. The paper evaluates the composition of waste electrical and electronic equipment most often used by today’s society. For the five electronic devices (mobile phone, computer mouse, keyboard, web-camera, and computer monitor), the components have been identified and elemental composition has been measured using x-ray fluorescence analysis. As expected, most of the devices weight accounts for plastic (since the casing is mostly made from plastic). Cables also have a significant weight. In the devices analysed, 28 chemical elements were found during the study: the greatest diversity were found in monitor. The largest weight corresponds to “heavy” elements forming metal parts of the devices. Among the valuable components, copper and zinc are the most common. It is worth noting the high content of titanium in all the devices.

References

1. Ishchenko V., Pohrebennyk V., Kochanek A., Hlavatska L. (2019) Waste electrical and electronic equipment management in Ukraine. Proceedings of International Conference on Geosciences (Greece, Athens, March 26-29, 2019), Athens, Book 3, Vol. 1, pp. 197-204.
2. Morf, L. S., Tremp, J., Gloor, R., Schuppisser, F., Stengele, M., & Taverna, R. (2007). Metals, non-metals and PCB in electrical and electronic waste–Actual levels in Switzerland. Waste Management, 27(10), pp. 1306-1316.
3. Musson, S. E., Vann, K. N., Jang, Y. C., Mutha, S., Jordan, A., Pearson, B., & Townsend, T. G. (2006). RCRA toxicity characterization of discarded electronic devices. Environmental science & technology, 40(8), pp. 2721-2726.
4. Dimitrakakis E, Janz A, Bilitewski B, Gidarakos E. (2009) Small WEEE: determining recyclables and hazardous substances in plastics. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2009;161(2-3), pp. 913-19.
5. Chancerel, P., Meskers, C. E., Hagelüken, C., & Rotter, V. S. (2009). Assessment of precious metal flows during preprocessing of waste electrical and electronic equipment. Journal of Industrial Ecology, 13(5), pp. 791-810.
6. Hlavatska L., Ishchenko V. (2021) Analysis of Composition of Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment Components. Visnyk of VPI, № 1, pp. 42-48.
7. Salhofer, S., & Tesar, M. (2011). Assessment of removal of components containing hazardous substances from small WEEE in Austria. Journal of hazardous materials, 186(2-3), 1481-1488.
8. Oguchi, M., Sakanakura, H., & Terazono, A. (2013). Toxic metals in WEEE: Characterization and substance flow analysis in waste treatment processes. Science of the total environment, 463, 1124-1132.
9. Nnorom, I. C., & Osibanjo, O. (2009). Toxicity characterization of waste mobile phone plastics. Journal of hazardous materials, 161(1), 183-188.
10. Lincoln, J. D., Ogunseitan, O. A., Shapiro, A. A., & Saphores, J. D. M. (2007). Leaching assessments of hazardous materials in cellular telephones. Environmental Science & Technology, 41(7), 2572-2578.
11. Ernst, T., Popp, R., & van Eldik, R. (2000). Quantification of heavy metals for the recycling of waste plastics from electrotechnical applications. Talanta, 53(2), 347-357.
12. Bigum M, Petersen C, Christensen TH, Scheutz C. (2013) WEEE and portable batteries in residual household waste: Quantification and characterisation of misplaced waste. Waste Management 2013;33(11):2372-80.
13. Dimitrakakis, E., Janz, A., Bilitewski, B., & Gidarakos, E. (2009). Determination of heavy metals and halogens in plastics from electric and electronic waste. Waste Management, 29(10), 2700-2706.

Abstract views: 109
PDF Downloads: 104
Published
2021-08-26
How to Cite
Hlavatska, L., Ishchenko, V., & Kamtoh Tebug, G. (2021). X-RAY FLUORESCENCE ANALYSIS OF WASTE ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT. Scientific Journal of Polonia University, 45(2), 260-265. https://doi.org/10.23856/4531
Section
HEALTH, ENVIRONMENT, DEVELOPMENT