THE FIGURES OF ODESA MAYORS IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE NINETEENTH AND THE EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURIES IN PREREVOLUTIONARY, SOVIET AND CURRENT RESEARCHES

Keywords: Odesa city council, leader of self-government, prosopographic portrait, scientific works

Abstract

The given article deals with the historical period: from the second part of the nineteenth to the beginning of the twentieth centuries when there was the “silver era” of Odesa city development. The article provides the initial analysis and classification of major historical publications that are basic for the creation of prosopographic portrait and related to the life and work of nine Odesa mayors such as: Semen Vorontsov, Mykola Novoselsky, Grigory Marazli, Valeryan Ligin, Petro Kryzhanovsky, Pavlo Zelenyi, Vasyl Protopopov, Mykola Moiseyev and Borys Pelikan who held the self-government office from the beginning of the City Regulations of 1863 until the turning points in the first half of the twentieth century – World War I. The material for the investigation was singled out from the works of mayors’ contemporaries, Soviet researchers, modern Ukrainian and foreign historians. 45 published papers were analyzed. In the research, the following methods were used: the methods of synthesis and analysis and the method of critical thinking. Also the biographies and activities of Odesa city mayors were presented in the reviewed works. The findings have suggested that the history of city self-government and the role of city leaders in this process should be the subject of a special systematic and comprehensive study.

References

1. Abramov, V. (2009). Pervaya vystavka Odesskogo obshestva izyashnyh iskusstv v 1865 godu [The first exhibition of the Odessa Society of Fine Arts in 1865]. Deribasovskaya–Rishelevskaya: Odesskij almanah, 37. Odessa: PLASKE. [In Russian].
2. Berman Ya., Z. (1928). Do stolitnikh rokovyn zasnuvannia hazety “Odesskyi vestnyk” [To the centenary of the founding of the “Odessa Herald” newspaper]. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian].
3. Bernshtejn, S. (1881). Odessa: istoricheskij i torgovo-ekonomicheskij ocherk Odessy v svyazi s Novorossijskim kraem [Odessa: historical, trade and economic essay of Odessa in connection with the Novorossiya Governorate]. Odessa: Tipografiya of L. Nitche. [In Russian].
4. Chopp, I. (2000). Premiya imeni Marazli [The Marazli Prize]. Deribasovskaya-Reshilevskaya. Odesskij almanah, 3. Odessa: PLASKE. [in Russian].
5. Demin, O. (2011). Odesskaya gorodskaya duma v epohu reformirovaniya Odesskogo gorodskogo samoupravleniya (60-80e gg. ХІХ v.) [Odessa City Duma in the era of reforming Odessa city government (60-80s of the ХІХth century)]. Visnik Chernigivskogo nacionalno pedagogichnogo universitetu, 87. Chernigiv: Tipografiya Chernigivskij nacionalnij pedagogichnij universitet imeni T. G. Shevchenka. [In Russian].
6. Dobrolyubskij K. P. (Eds.). (1947). Odessa: ocherk istorii goroda-geroya k 150-letiyu so dnya osnovaniya [Odessa: an essay of the history of the hero city to the 150th anniversary of its foundation]. Odess : Odesskoe obl. izd-vo. [in Russian].
7. Doncova, T. (2001). Moldovanka. Zapisi kraeveda [Moldovanka. The local history notes]. Odessa, Chernomore. [In Russian].
8. Fajtelberg-Blank, V. R., Savchenko, V. A. (2008). Odessa v epohu vojn i revolyucij, 1914-1920 [The Odessa in the era of wars and revolutions, 1914-1920]. Odessa: Optimum. [in Russian].
9. G. G. Marazli: mecenat i kollekcioner: Sb. Stattej [G. G. Marazli: philanthropist and collector: Collection of articles]. (1995). Odessa. [In Russian].
10. Goncharuk, T. G. (2012). Kak v nashi dni voshel vodoprovod [How the plumbing entered the present days]. Gazetnimi stezhkami. Odesa: Astroprint. [In Russian].
11. Górak, A., & Latawiec, K. (2016). Russian Governors in the Kingdom of Poland (1867-1918). (J. Krajka, Trans). Lublin: ELPIL.
12. Grebcova, I. S. (2009). Novorossijskij universitet v razvitii blagotvoritelnosti v Odesse (vtoraya polovina XIX – nachalo XX st.): monografiya [The Imperial Novorossiya University in the development of charity in Odessa (second half of the XIX – early XX centuries): monograph]. Odessa: Astroprint. [In Russian].
13. Herasymenko, V. (2018). Miskyi holova Odesy 1905-1908 rr. Vasyl Yakovych Protopopov: korotkyi istorychnyi portret [The mayor of Odessa in 1905-1908 Vasily Yakovlevich Protopopov: a short historical portrait]. Pivdennyi zakhid. Odesyka. Istoryko-kraieznavchyi naukovyi almanakh, 25. Odesa: Drukarskyi dim. [in Ukrainian].
14. Herasymenko, V. (2021). Vidstavka miskoho holovy P. A. Kryzhanovskoho – hariacha novyna “Odesskykh novostei” hrudnia 1897 r. [The resignation of the mayor P. A. Kryzhanovsky – the hot news of “Odessa News” newspaper in December 1897.]. Pivdennyi zakhid. Odesyka. Istoryko-kraieznavchyi naukovyi almanakh, 30. Odesa: Drukarskyi dim. [in Ukrainian].
15. Herlihy, P. (2018). Odessa Recollected: The Port and the People. Brighton, MA: Academic Studies Press.
16. Herlihy, P. (1987). Odessa: A History, 1794–1914. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. Hryhorii Marazli: Do 175-richchia vid dnia narodzhennia [Grigory Marazli: Until the 175 years after the birthday]. (2006). Odesa. [in Ukrainian].
17. Izhik, L. V. (2014). Knizhnye znaki odesskih bibliofilov: monograficheskoe issledovanie [The book signs of Odessa bibliophiles: the monographic research]. Odessa: Odesskaya nac. nauch. b-ka im. Gorkogo. [in Russian].
18. Izuvita, G. A. (1999). G. G. Marazli i Odesskij arheologicheskij muzej [G. G. Marazli and the Odessa Archaeological Museum]. Kratkie soobsheniya Odesskogo arheologicheskogo obshestva. Odessa. [In Russian].
19. Kirpichnikov, A. I. (1894). Proshloe i nastoyashee Odessy: izdanie Odesskoj Gorodskoj Auditorii Narodnyh chtenij ko dnyu stoletnyago yubileya g. Odessy (1794–1894) [The past and the present of Odessa: the publication of the Odessa City Auditorium of People's Readings on the day of the centenary of Odessa (1794-1894)]. Odessa: Tipografiya of L. Kirhnera. [in Russian].
20. Krasyuk, A. I. (1993). Istoriya Odesskogo vodoprovoda [History of the Odessa water supply system]. Odessa: Odessavodokanal. [in Russian].
21. Krylov-Tolstikovich, A. (2015). Pridvornyj kalendar na 1915 god. Kommentarii [The court calendar of 1915 year. Comments.]. Mosсow. Retrieved from https://cutt.ly/jETOwka [in Russian].
22. Kulyk, Y. H. (1997). H. H. Marazly y Odesskoe prosveshchenye [Marazli and education sphere in Odessa]. Istorychnyi dosvid i suchasnist. Materialy konferentsii, 3. Odesa. [in Russian].
23. Libin, A. (Eds.) (2009). 100 velikih odessitov [100 great Odessa citizens]. Odessa: Optimum. [in Russian].
24. Malahov, V. P., Stepanenko, B. A. (2004). Odessa, 1900-1920 / Lyudi… Sobytiya… Fakty… / [Odessa, 1900-1920 / People ... Events ... Facts ... /]. Odessa: Optimum. [in Russian].
25. Markevich, A. I. (1900). Novoselskij N. A. Nekrolog [Novoselsky N. A. Obituary]. ZOOID, 22. Odessa. [in Russian].
26. Obzor deyatelnosti byvshego odesskogo gorodskogo golovy N. A. Novoselskogo [The review of the activities of the Odessa ex mayor N. A. Novoselsky]. (1880). Iz Novorossijskogo Telegrafa, 1545. Odessa. [in Russian].
27. Odessa. 1794-1894 [Odessa. 1794-1894]. (1894). Odessa: Tipografiya of A. Shulce. [in Russian].
28. Palamarchuk, V. (2017). Miskyi holova Petro Adamovych Kryzhanovskyi – “kazkovyi prynts, shcho maie rozbudyty spliachu krasuniu Odesu” [The mayor Petro Adamovych Kryzhanovsky – “a fabulous prince who should wake up the sleeping beautiful Odesa”]. Pivdennyi zakhid. Odesyka. Istoryko-kraieznavchyi naukovyi almanakh, 23. Odesa: Drukarskyi dim. [in Ukrainian].
29. Pavlovskij, I. F. (1914). Poltavcy: ierarhi, gosudarstvennye i obshestvennye deyateli i blagotvoriteli: opyt kratkogo biograficheskogo slovarya Poltavskoj gubernii s poloviny XVIII v. [Poltava citizens: the hierarchs, the statesmen and the public figures and the benefactors. The experience of a short biographical dictionary of the Poltava province from the middle of the 18th century.]. Poltava, Tovarishestvo Pechatnogo Dela. Retrieved from https://cutt.ly/9ETO2KD [in Russian].
30. Plaksin, S. (1901). Kommerchesko-promyshlennaya Odessa i yeye predstaviteli v kontse devyatnadtsatogo stoletiya i istoriya razvitiya torgovykh firm s prilozheniyem adresnykh svedeniy [The commercial and industrial Odessa and its representatives at the end of the nineteenth century and the history of the development of trading companies with the attachment of address information]. Odessa: Slavic Tipografiya N. Chrysogelos [in Russian].
31. Reshetov, S., Izhik, L. (2012). Grigoriy Marazli. Chest' pache pochesti [Grigory Marazli. Honor is more than honor]. Odessa: TES. [in Russian].
32. Reshetov, S., Izhik, L. (2007). Gorodskoj golova Odessy G. G. Marazli (1831–1907) i ego rodstvennoe okruzhenie [The mayor of Odessa G. G. Marazli (1831-1907) and his family entourage]. Deribasovskaya–Rishelevskaya: Odesskij almanah, 31. Odessa: PLASKE. Retrieved from http://odessitclub.org/publications/almanac/alm_31/alm_31_6-31.pdf [in Russian]
33. Reshetov, S., Izhik, L. (2013). O dome gorodskogo golovy Odessy N. A. Novoselskogo [About the house of the Odessa mayor N. Novoselsky]. Deribasovskaya–Rishelevskaya: Odesskij almanah, 54. Odessa: PLASKE. [in Russian].
34. Rolf, M. (2020). Pol'skiye zemli pod vlast'yu Peterburga: ot Venskogo kongressa do Pervoy mirovoy [Polish lands under the rule of St. Petersburg: from the Congress of Vienna to the First World War] (C. Levinson, Trans). Moscow: New Literary Review. Retrieved from https://cutt.ly/sj0uWpl [in Russian].
35. Savelieva, E. V. (2005). Lihin V. M. [Ligin V. M.]. Profesory Odesʹkoho (Novorosiysʹkoho) universytetu (Vol. 3). Odesa: Astroprint. [in Ukrainian]
36. Sinhronisticheskoe izobrazhenie glavnejshih sobytij iz zhizni goroda Odessy, sostavlennoe svyashennikom Ioannom Dariomedovym v pamyat stoletnej godovshiny so dnya v Boze pochivshej osnovatelnicy Odessy Imperatricy Ekateriny II [The synchronic depiction of the main events in the Odessa city life, compiled by priest John Dariomedov in memory of the centenary of the death of Odessa founder Empress Catherine II]. (1897). Odessa: Tipografiya Novorossijskogo telegrafa. [in Russian].
37. Solzhenicyn, A. I. (2001). Dvesti let vmeste [Two hundred years together]. Vol. 1. Moscow: Russkij put. [in Russian]
38. Stanko, V. N. (Eds.). (2002). Istoriya Odesy [History of Odesa]. Odesa: Druk. [in Ukrainian].
39. Stoletiye Odessy. S portretami administrativnykh i obshchestvennykh deyateley i s vidami Odessy [Centenary of Odessa. With portraits of administrative and public figures and views of Odessa]. (1894). Odessa: Tipografiya L. Nitsche. [in Russian].
40. Terenteva, N. A. (1994). Semia Marazly v Odesse [The Marazli family in Odessa]. Odesi – 200. Tezy dopovidei. Odesа. [in Ukrainian].
41. Terentieva, N. O. (2006). Blahodiina diialnist rodyny Marazli z budivnytstva ta utrymannia ustanov Odesy kulturno-osvitnoho napriamu [The charitable activity of the Marazli family on Odessa construction and maintenance of institutions from the cultural and educational spheres]. Problemy istorii Ukrainy ХІХ – pochatku XX st. Kyiv: Instytut istorii Ukrainy NAN Ukrainy. [in Ukrainian].
42. Zagorujko, V. (1960). Po stranicam istorii Odessy i Odesshiny [Through the pages of the history of Odessa and Odessa region]. (Vol 2). Odessa: Odes. obl. izd-vo. [in Russian].
43. Zlenko, H. (1997). Pavlo Zelenyi – odeskyi miskyi holova i literator [Pavlo Zelenyi is the mayor of Odessa and a writer]. Kyivska starovyna, 6. Kyiv, ArtEk. [in Ukrainian].
44. Zlenko, H. D. (1994). Stanovlennia ukraïnskoï presy v Odesi (kinets ХІХ – pochatok ХХ st.) [The formation of the Ukrainian press in Odesa (the late 19th – the early 20th centuries.)]. Odesi – 200. Tezy dopovidei. Odesa. [in Ukrainian].

Abstract views: 126
PDF Downloads: 83
Published
2022-01-17
How to Cite
Herasymenko, V. (2022). THE FIGURES OF ODESA MAYORS IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE NINETEENTH AND THE EARLY TWENTIETH CENTURIES IN PREREVOLUTIONARY, SOVIET AND CURRENT RESEARCHES. Scientific Journal of Polonia University, 48(5), 32-38. https://doi.org/10.23856/4804
Section
LANGUAGE, CULTURE, COMMUNICATION