CONJUNCTIONLESS PHRASES: FORMAL AND GRAMMATICAL BACKGROUND

Keywords: phrase, co-ordination, conjunctionless phrase, conjunctive phrase, formalgrammatical level, semantic-syntactic level, copulative phrase, independent coordination, predicative

Abstract

The article is dedicated to the analysis of the problem of expediency of allocating conjunctionless phrases as an independent type of co-ordinate constructions. The main approaches to the consideration of conjunctionless units at the syntactic level of language are outlined. The specifics of the expression of the asyndetic connection in the plane of the phrase compared to the sentence are considered. The main means of connection between the components of a co- ordinate conjuntionless phrase – intonation and the order of constituents are described. Co-ordinate conjunctionless phrases include those that correlate with co-ordinate conjunctional phrases, the components of which are connected with co-ordinating conjunctions «і», «й», «та» or opposite «a». It is found out that at the formal-grammatical level, such asyndetic and syndetic syntaxemes are synonymous, but semantically differ in expressiveness. In addition, extended (polycomponent) and narrowed (two-component) series with homogeneous and heterogeneous constituents are typical for conjunctionless phrases, which in most cases tend to interchange positions. A distinctive feature of the extended series is that the last component can be connected with cumulative conjunction, thus imposing a shade of limitation of the series. Therefore, the set of such specific features represents the highest level of independence and equality between words, which form a co-ordinate conjunctionless phrase.

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Published
2022-04-28
How to Cite
Komlyk, N. (2022). CONJUNCTIONLESS PHRASES: FORMAL AND GRAMMATICAL BACKGROUND. Scientific Journal of Polonia University, 50(1), 68-75. https://doi.org/10.23856/5008
Section
LANGUAGE, CULTURE, COMMUNICATION