Keywords: economic history, Ukrainian SSR, agriculture, factory workers, state management


The article examines the situation of the sugar industry during the new economic policy in Left-Bank Ukraine. The task is to determine the working conditions of the industry, financing, land issue, and the impact of political events on the development of the sugar industry. The authors identify such important areas of research as recovery, production, achievements, the position of workers during production, the formation of sugar prices, and so on. It is necessary to take into account the conditions of the new economic policy, which significantly changed the life of sugar factories. The article examines the issues of sugar beet cultivation technology and technical support of the industry, the cost and competitiveness of sugar industry products. The article describes the impact of the new conditions on the management of sugar factories in Ukraine as a whole and separately in the Left-Bank Ukraine, as well as the activities of Tsukrotrest. The article examines the importance of the sugar industry for agriculture and for the country’s economy. The authors explore sugar factories in the Left-Bank Ukraine in the article, and also use a vivid example of the Tsyhlerivka Sugar Factory, which is located in the Kharkiv region. This helps to recreate a clear picture of the“ sweet life”, the specifics of the industry. It is concluded that the sugar industry in the NEP environment required a lot of effort to achieve high performance, and indeed, to produce highquality products for the Ukrainian population.


1. Buravchenko R. V. (2006). Istorychni umovy stanovlennia ta rozvytok tsukrovoi promyslovosti v Ukraini (XIX- pochatok XX st.) [Historical conditions of formation and development of the sugar industry in Ukraine (XIX – early XX centuries)]. (Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis). The Bohdan Khmelnytsky National University of Cherkasy. Cherkasy. [in Ukrainian]
2. Central State Archive of Higher Authorities and Management of Ukraine. Found 337, Inventory 1, File 1280. Sheet 135. [in Ukrainian]
3. Kalinichenko V. V. (1997). Selianske hospodarstvo Ukrainy v period nepu: istorykoekonomichne doslidzhennia [Peasant economy of Ukraine in the NEP period: a historical and economic study]. Kharkiv. [in Ukrainian]
4. Kalinichenko V. V. (2006). Istoriia ukrainskoho selianstva. Tom 2 [History of the Ukrainian peasantry. Volume 2]. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]
5. Kalinichenko V. V. Olianych V. V. Puhach Ye. P. (1999). Stolittia postupu [Centuries of progress]. Kharkiv: Hlobus. [in Ukrainian]
6. Kulchytskyi S. V. (1999). Ukraina mizh dvoma viinamy (1921–1939 rr.) [Ukraine between two wars (1921–1939)]. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]
7. Lazurenko V. M. Paskalenko V.Ye. (2011). Ukrainskyi fermer v dobu nepu [Ukrainian farmer in the NEP day]. Cherkasy. [in Ukrainian]
8. Marochko V. I. (1995). Ukrainska selianska kooperatsiia : istoryko-teoretychnyi aspekt (1861–1929 rr.) [Ukrainian peasant cooperation: a historical and theoretical aspect (1861–1929)]. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]
9. Martsynishyn H. B. (1997). Ukrainska tsukrova promyslovist v roky novoi ekonomichnoi polityky [Ukrainian sugar industry in the years of new economic policy]. (Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis). Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]
10. Morozov A. H. (1993). Selo i hroshi : ukrainska kredytna kooperatsiia v dobu nepu [Village and money : Ukrainian credit cooperation in the day of NEP]. Cherkasy. [in Ukrainian]
11. Rakovskyi L. E. (1998). Tsukrova promyslovist Ukrainy v 60–90-ti roky XIX st. [Sugar industry of Ukraine in the 60-90s of the XIX century]. (Extended abstract of doctor’s thesis). Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]
12. Zaiets O. S. (2003). Rynok tsukru v Ukraini. Problemy stvorennia, funktsionuvannia ta rozvytku [Sugar market in Ukraine. Problems of creation, functioning and development]. Kyiv. [in Ukrainian]

Abstract views: 134
PDF Downloads: 84
How to Cite
Olianych, V., & Olianych, L. (2022). SUGAR INDUSTRY IN THE NEW ECONOMIC POLICY IN THE LEFT BANK OF UKRAINE: HISTORICAL CONTEXT. Scientific Journal of Polonia University, 50(1), 180-185.