Keywords: sentence, predicativity, structure, feature, unit.


The present article deals with a meaningful unit of a language, i.e. a sentence. Considered in terms of its hierarchical relationship to other units of language structure, a sentence must be placed at the top of the pyramid formed by these units, since the purpose of all other structural units is ultimately the formation of a sentence. A sentence is a concept of wide scope, covering a wide range of sentence structures from single-word to complex polypredicative constructions. The purpose of the investigation is to study a sentence from different points of view. The article explores the three aspects of the sentence: structural, semantic, and pragmatic. They are the main ones since they cover three main aspects of a sentence: form, content, and use. A sentence is the product of the creative activity of the author of the statement. It is the most complex unit in the language system. The complexity of the sentence lies in the multiplicity of its components, the number of which is not structurally limited in the sentence: the sentence can be large and any sentence can be continued indefinitely, although the number of elements making up each sentence is final. The complexity of this unit is connected with the diversity of the mutual relations of the elements making up the sentence. It is a minimal syntactic construction used in acts of speech communication, characterized by predictivity and realizing a certain structural scheme. Intonational design is an essential feature of any sentence. In the language relative features of such design are more important than absolute ones.


1. Azar, B.S. (2003). Fundamentals of English Grammar, Washington: Georgetown University Press.
2. Azar, B.S. (2008). Understanding and using English Grammar. New York.
3. Biber, D., Conrad, S. and Leech, G. Longman (2002) Student Grammar of Spoken and Written English. Essex: Longman.
4. Blokh, M.Y. (1983). A course in theoretical English Grammar, Moscow: Russkaya Skola.
5. Burlakova, V.V. (1984). The syntactical structure of Modern English. Moscow.
6. Carter R., McCarthy M. (2005) Cambridge Grammar of English. Spoken and Written Grammar of English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
7. Fromkin, V., Rodman, R. & N. Hyams (2003). An Introduction to Language. 7th edition. USA, Thomson: Heinle.
8. Ganshina, M., Vasilevskaya, N. (1953). English Grammar, Moscow: Foreign Languages Publishing House.
9. Greenbaum, S. & R. Quirk (1995), A Student’s Grammar of the English language. Longman.
10. Halliday, M.A.K. (1994). An introduction to functional grammar. London: Edward Arnold.
11. Ivanova, I. P., Burlakova, V.V., Pochepcov, G.G. (1981). Teoreticheskaya grammatika sovremennogo anglijskogo yazyka , Moskva: Vysshaya shkola.
12. Leech, G.M., Starvik, J. (1984). A Communicative Grammar of English. Moscow: Progress.
13. Longman, A.G. (2002). Longman English Grammar. New York: Longman Publishing.
14. Martin, J.R. (1992). English text: System and structure. Benjamins: Amsterdam.
15. Martin, J.R., Matthiessen, C.M. I.M., & Painter, C. (1997). Working With Functional Grammar. London: Edward Arnold.
16. Miller, J. (2002). An Introduction to English Syntax / J. Miller: Edinburgh University Press.
17. Parrot, M. (2000). Grammar for English Languages Teachers, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
18. Swan, M. (2005). Grammar, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
19. Tallerman, M. (1998), Understanding Syntax, London: Arnold.
20. Thompson, G. (2004). Introducing functional grammar. London: Edward Arnold.
21. Valeska, L. (2003). An Introductory Course in Theoretical English Grammar. Vilnius: Vilnius Pedagogical University.
22. Widdowson, H.G. (1997). Linguistics. Oxford University Press.
23. Yunusov, D. N. (2006). A Guide to English Grammar, Bakı: Mütərcim.
24. Yule, G. (2006).Oxford Practice Grammar Advanced, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Abstract views: 24
PDF Downloads: 16
How to Cite
Suleymanova, K. (2022). STRUCTURAL, SEMANTIC, AND PRAGMATIC ASPECTS OF A SENTENCE IN MODERN ENGLISH. Scientific Journal of Polonia University, 54(5), 95-100.