THE ROLE AND PLACE OF PUBLIC CONTROL IN THE LEGAL MECHANISM FOR THE PREVENTION OF PENITENTIARY CRIME IN UKRAINE

Keywords: public control; relapse; penitentiary crime; the scope of execution of punishments; prevention; execution process – serving sentences; imprisonment

Abstract

This scientific article analyzes the potential social and legal possibilities of public control in the preventive sphere of activity related to the prevention of the commission of recidivist criminal acts by those sentenced to deprivation of liberty in the process of execution. In addition, based on the results of the research and the problems identified in this regard, scientifically based ways of their elimination and improvement of the existing legal mechanism of public control in the sphere of execution of punishments of Ukraine have been developed. In particular, it was found that the administration of bodies and institutions for the execution of punishments, guided by the principle of non-interference of the public in their operational and service activities, create various artificial obstacles to objective social monitoring on issues of prevention of crimes by convicts in closed penal institutions, the exclusive list of which is fixed in the law, new (recidivist) criminal offenses. It was also established that from the time of Ukraine's independence (from 1991) to the present (2022) at the official level, it is stated that recurrent crime, including its penitentiary component, is one of the real threats to national security. Moreover, the specified determinant has an extremely negative effect on the effectiveness of the execution process - the serving of punishments, as well as on the implementation of the goals and objectives of the criminal enforcement legislation of Ukraine defined in the law.

References

1. Zapobihannia zlisnii nepokori vymoham administratsii ustanovy vykonannia pokaran [Prevention of malicious disobedience to the requirements of the administration of the penal
institution]: navch. posib. / za zah. red. d.iu.n., prof. O. H. Kolba. Lutsk : SPD Hadiak, drukarnia «Volynpolihraf», 2020. 320 s. [in Ukrainian]
2. Nekotorye pokazately deiatelnosty uchrezhdenyi uholovno-yspolnytelnoi systemy MVD Ukrayny [Some performance indicators of institutions of the penitentiary system of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine]: ynform. biulleten. Kyev : HUYN MVD Ukrayny, 1992. 28 s. [in Ukrainian]
3. Pro stan pravoporiadku, izoliatsii ta nahliadu, diialnist pidrozdiliv okhorony, pozhezhnoi bezpeky ta voienizovanykh formuvan Derzhavnoi kryminalno-vykonavchoi sluzhby Ukrainy u
2016 rotsi [On the state of law and order, isolation and supervision, activities of security, fire safety and paramilitary formations of the State Criminal Enforcement Service of Ukraine in
2016]: inform. biul. Kyiv: DKVS Ministerstva yustytsii Ukrainy, 2017. 34 s. [in Ukrainian]
4. Yedynyi reiestr dosudovykh rozsliduvan [Unified register of pre-trial investigations]. Retrieved from: https://erdr.gp.gov.ua/. [in Ukrainian]
5. Kontseptsiia reformuvannia (rozvytku) penitentsiarnoi systemy Ukrainy [The concept of reform (development) of the penitentiary system of Ukraine]: skhvalena rozporiadzhenniam
Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 13.09.2017 № 654-r. Ofitsiinyi visnyk Ukrainy. 2017. № 78. St. 2401. [in Ukrainian]
6. Kolb O. H., Makhnitskyi O. I. (2019). Zmist hromadskoho kontroliu u sferi vykonannia pokaran Ukrainy [Content of public control in the field of execution of punishments of Ukraine].
Visnyk Penitentsiarnoi asotsiatsii Ukrainy. № 3(9). S. 223–230. [in Ukrainian]
7. Naukovo-praktychnyi komentar Kryminalnoho kodeksu Ukrainy [Scientific and practical commentary on the Criminal Code of Ukraine] / za zah. red. O. M. Dzhuzhi, A. V. Savchenka,
V. V. Cherneia. 2-he vyd., pererob. i dopov. Kyiv : Yurinkom Inter, 2018. 1104 s. [in Ukrainian]
8. Kryminolohiia [Criminology]: pidruchnyk / za zah. red. d.iu.n., profesora V. V. Cherneia; za nauk. red. d.iu.n., prof. O. M. Dzhuzhi. Kyiv : «Osvita Ukrainy», 2020. 611 s. [in Ukrainian]
9. Kryminalno-vykonavchyi kodeks Ukrainy [Criminal and Executive Code of Ukraine]:
naukovo-praktychnyi komentar / za zah. red. d.iu.n., prof. V. V. Kovalenka, d.iu.n., prof. A. Kh. Stepaniuka. Kyiv : Atika, 2012. 492 s. [in Ukrainian]
10. Pro zatverdzhennia polozhen pro sposterezhni komisii ta pikluvalni rady pry spetsialnykh vykhovnykh ustanovakh [On the approval of regulations on supervisory commissions and
supervisory boards at special educational institutions]: postanova Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy vid 01.04.2004 № 429. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua [in Ukrainian]
11. Teoriia derzhavy i prava [Theory of the state and law] : pidruch. dlia stud. yuryd. vyshch. navch. zakl. / O. V. Petryshyn, S. P. Pohrebniak, V. S. Smorodynskyi ta in. za zah red. O. V. Petryshyna. Kharkiv : Pravo, 2014. 368 s. [in Ukrainian]
12. Pro hromadski obiednannia [About public associations]: Zakon Ukrainy vid 22 bereznia 2012 roku № 4572-VI. Retrieved from: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua [in Ukrainian]

Abstract views: 119
PDF Downloads: 88
Published
2023-02-27
How to Cite
Garasim, P. (2023). THE ROLE AND PLACE OF PUBLIC CONTROL IN THE LEGAL MECHANISM FOR THE PREVENTION OF PENITENTIARY CRIME IN UKRAINE. Scientific Journal of Polonia University, 55(6), 145-150. https://doi.org/10.23856/5519